Phonics is a reading strategy which teaches children to read by breaking words up into units of sounds (phonemes). Each of these sounds is represented by a letter or group of letters (grapheme). Some phonemes may be represented by more than one grapheme. Some graphemes represent more than one phoneme. It can be very confusing if you didn't learn to read in this way (that's most of us as parents!) Most importantly however, this strategy is proven to quickly get children reading fluently.
It is useful to teach yourself to break words into phonemes so that you can spot them when reading with your child.
The word RAIN is not sounded out r-a-i-n but r-ai-n. It has four letters but three graphemes/phonemes.
The word CHAIN is sounded out as ch-ai-n. It has five letters but only three graphemes/phonemes again.
A grapheme made of two letters is called a digraph - such as ch, ai or ow. A grapheme made of three letters is called a trigraph - such as igh, ear or air.
The resources below will help you learn more about the phonics scheme Letter and Sounds, which we follow at North Baddesely Infant School, and will help you to support your child when reading at home.
The video will help you rehearse the individual phonemes so you sound them correctly. This is important to aid spelling of words.
If you have and further questions or feedback on any of these resources please speak to your child's class teacher.